Notepad for Python

Notepad for Python

Notepad for Python

In this Blog Post, we can “Develop Notepad Using Python”.

For making a notepad in python you can use the Tkinter library for this you need to install this.

To install Tkinter library you need to install using pip

pip install python-tk

In this Notepad, we can use three menus only file menu, edit menu, and help menu.

Program:

import tkinter
import os
from tkinter import *
from tkinter.messagebox import *
from tkinter.filedialog import *


class Notepad1:
    __root1 = Tk()

    # default Notepad window width and height
    __thisWidth = 300
    __thisHeight = 300
    __thisTextArea = Text(__root1)
    __thisMenuBar = Menu(__root1)
    __thisFileMenu = Menu(__thisMenuBar, tearoff=0)
    __thisEditMenu = Menu(__thisMenuBar, tearoff=0)
    __thisHelpMenu = Menu(__thisMenuBar, tearoff=0)

    # To add scrollbar in Notepad
    __thisScrollBar = Scrollbar(__thisTextArea)
    __file = None

    def __init__(self, **kwargs):

        # Set icon
        try:
            self.__root1.wm_iconbitmap("Notepad.ico")
        except:
            pass

        # Set Notepad window size the default is 300x300

        try:
            self.__thisWidth = kwargs['width']
        except KeyError:
            pass

        try:
            self.__thisHeight = kwargs['height']
        except KeyError:
            pass

        # Set the Notepad window text
        self.__root1.title("Untitled - Notepad")

        # Center of the window
        screenWidth = self.__root1.winfo_screenwidth()
        screenHeight = self.__root1.winfo_screenheight()

        # For left alling
        leftallign = (screenWidth / 2) - (self.__thisWidth / 2)

        # For right-allign
        topallign = (screenHeight / 2) - (self.__thisHeight / 2)

        # For top and bottom
        self.__root1.geometry('%dx%d+%d+%d' % (self.__thisWidth,
                                              self.__thisHeight,
                                              leftallign, topallign))

        # for making the textarea auto resizable
        self.__root1.grid_rowconfigure(0, weight=1)
        self.__root1.grid_columnconfigure(0, weight=1)

        # Add the controls (widget)
        self.__thisTextArea.grid(sticky=N + E + S + W)

        # for open new file in Notepad
        self.__thisFileMenu.add_command(label="New",
                                        command=self.__newFile)

        # for open a already existing file
        self.__thisFileMenu.add_command(label="Open",
                                        command=self.__openFile)

        # To save current file of Notepad
        self.__thisFileMenu.add_command(label="Save",
                                        command=self.__saveFile)

        # To create a line in the dialog
        self.__thisFileMenu.add_separator()
        self.__thisFileMenu.add_command(label="Exit",
                                        command=self.__quitApplication)
        self.__thisMenuBar.add_cascade(label="File",
                                       menu=self.__thisFileMenu)

        # To give a feature of cut
        self.__thisEditMenu.add_command(label="Cut",
                                        command=self.__cut)

        # to give a feature of copy
        self.__thisEditMenu.add_command(label="Copy",
                                        command=self.__copy)

        # To give a feature of paste
        self.__thisEditMenu.add_command(label="Paste",
                                        command=self.__paste)

        # To give a feature of editing
        self.__thisMenuBar.add_cascade(label="Edit",
                                       menu=self.__thisEditMenu)

        # for creating the feature of description of the notepad
        self.__thisHelpMenu.add_command(label="About Notepad",
                                        command=self.__showAbout)
        self.__thisMenuBar.add_cascade(label="Help",
                                       menu=self.__thisHelpMenu)

        self.__root1.config(menu=self.__thisMenuBar)

        self.__thisScrollBar.pack(side=RIGHT, fill=Y)

        # Scrollbar will adjust automatically according to the content
        self.__thisScrollBar.config(command=self.__thisTextArea.yview)
        self.__thisTextArea.config(yscrollcommand=self.__thisScrollBar.set)

    def __quitApplication(self):
        self.__root1.destroy()

    # exit()

    def __showAbout(self):
        showinfo("Notepad", "Mrinal Verma")

    def __openFile(self):

        self.__file = askopenfilename(defaultextension=".txt",
                                      filetypes=[("All Files", "*.*"),
                                                 ("Text Documents", "*.txt")])

        if self.__file == "":

            # no file to open
            self.__file = None
        else:

            # Try to open the file
            # set the window title
            self.__root1.title(os.path.basename(self.__file) + " - Notepad")
            self.__thisTextArea.delete(1.0, END)

            file = open(self.__file, "r")

            self.__thisTextArea.insert(1.0, file.read())

            file.close()

    def __newFile(self):
        self.__root1.title("Untitled - Notepad")
        self.__file = None
        self.__thisTextArea.delete(1.0, END)

    def __saveFile(self):

        if self.__file == None:
            # Save as new file
            self.__file = asksaveasfilename(initialfile='Untitled.txt',
                                            defaultextension=".txt",
                                            filetypes=[("All Files", "*.*"),
                                                       ("Text Documents", "*.txt")])

            if self.__file == "":
                self.__file = None
            else:

                # Try to save the file
                file = open(self.__file, "w")
                file.write(self.__thisTextArea.get(1.0, END))
                file.close()

                # for Change the window title
                self.__root.title(os.path.basename(self.__file) + " - Notepad")


        else:
            file = open(self.__file, "w")
            file.write(self.__thisTextArea.get(1.0, END))
            file.close()

    def __cut(self):
        self.__thisTextArea.event_generate("<<Cut>>")

    def __copy(self):
        self.__thisTextArea.event_generate("<<Copy>>")

    def __paste(self):
        self.__thisTextArea.event_generate("<<Paste>>")

    def run(self):

        # Run main application
        self.__root1.mainloop()

    # Run main application


notepad1 = Notepad1(width=600, height=400)
notepad1.run()

Output:

Notepad for Python

 

Also Read This:

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Harsh

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